Density functional theory beyond the linear regime: Validating adiabatic LDA
Authors: N. Helbig, J.I. Fuks, M. Casula, M.J. Verstraete, M.A.L. Marques, I. V. Tokatly, and A. Rubio
Ref.: Phys. Rev. A 83, 032503 (2011)
Abstract: We present a local density approximation (LDA) for one-dimensional (1D) systems interacting via the soft-Coulomb interaction based on quantum Monte-Carlo calculations. Results for the ground- state energies and ionization potentials of finite 1D systems show excellent agreement with exact calculations, obtained by exploiting the mapping of an N -electron system in d dimensions, onto a single electron in N*d dimensions properly symmetrized by the Young diagrams. We conclude that 1D LDA is of the same quality as its three-dimensional (3D) counterpart, and we infer conclusions about 3D LDA. The linear and non-linear time-dependent responses of 1D model systems using LDA, exact exchange, and the exact solution are investigated and show very good agreement in both cases, except for the well known problem of missing double excitations. Consequently, the 3D LDA is expected to be of good quality beyond linear response. In addition, the 1D LDA should prove useful in modeling the interaction of atoms with strong laser fields, where this specific 1D model is often used.