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Implications of pinned occupation numbers for natural orbital expansions. I: Generalizing the concept of active spaces

Authors: C. Schilling, C.L. Benavides-Riveros, A. Lopes, T. Maciążek, and A. Sawicki

Ref.: New J. Phys. 22, 023001 (2020)

Abstract: The concept of active spaces simplifies the description of interacting quantum many-body systems by restricting to a neighbourhood of active orbitals around the Fermi level. The respective wavefunction ansatzes which involve all possible electron configurations of active orbitals can be characterized by the saturation of a certain number of Pauli constraints 0≤ni≤1, identifying the occupied core orbitals (ni=1) and the inactive virtual orbitals (nj=0). In Part I, we generalize this crucial concept of active spaces by referring to the generalized Pauli constraints. To be more specific, we explain and illustrate that the saturation of any such constraint on fermionic occupation numbers characterizes a distinctive set of active electron configurations. A converse form of this selection rule establishes the basis for corresponding multiconfigurational wavefunction ansatzes. In Part II, we provide rigorous derivations of those findings. Moroever, we extend our results to non-fermionic multipartite quantum systems, revealing that extremal single-body information has always strong implications for the multipartite quantum state. In that sense, our work also confirms that pinned quantum systems define new physical entities and the presence of pinnings reflect the existence of (possibly hidden) ground state symmetries.

Citations: 4 (Google scholar)

DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ab64b0

URL: arxiv.org

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Bibtex:

@article{Schilling_2020,
	doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/ab64b0},
	url = {https://doi.org/10.1088%2F1367-2630%2Fab64b0},
	year = 2020,
	month = {feb},
	publisher = {{IOP} Publishing},
	volume = {22},
	number = {2},
	pages = {023001},
	author = {Christian Schilling and Carlos L Benavides-Riveros and Alexandre Lopes and Tomasz Maci{\k{a}}{\.{z}}ek and Adam Sawicki},
	title = {Implications of pinned occupation numbers for natural orbital expansions: I. Generalizing the concept of active spaces},
	journal = {New Journal of Physics}
}