2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1997

Novel structural motif in low energy phases of NaSc(BH4)4

Authors: T. D. Huan, M. Amsler, S. Botti, M.A.L. Marques, and S. Goedecker

Ref.: J. Chem. Phys. 140, 124708 (2014)

Abstract: Sodium-scandium double-cation borohydride NaSc(BH4)4 experimentally crystallizes in the crystallographic space group Cmcm where each sodium (scandium) atom is surrounded by six scandium (sodium) atoms. We carefully investigated this phase based on ab initio calculations which indicate that the structure is dynamically unstable and gives rise to an energetically and dynamically more favorable phase with C2221 symmetry and nearly identical x-ray diffraction pattern. By additionally performing extensive structural searches with the minima-hopping method we discovered a class of new low-energy structures exhibiting a novel structural motif in which each sodium (scandium) atom is surrounded by four scandium (sodium) atoms arranged at the corners of either a rectangle with nearly equal sides or a tetrahedron. These new phases are all predicted to be insulators with band gaps of 7.9-8.2 eV. Finally, we estimate the influence of these structures on the hydrogen-storage performance of NaSc(BH4)4.

Citations: 13 (Google scholar)

DOI: 10.1063/1.4869194

URL: arxiv.org

Download

Bibtex:

@article{Tran_2014,
	doi = {10.1063/1.4869194},
	url = {https://doi.org/10.1063%2F1.4869194},
	year = 2014,
	month = {mar},
	publisher = {{AIP} Publishing},
	volume = {140},
	number = {12},
	pages = {124708},
	author = {Huan Doan Tran and Maximilian Amsler and Silvana Botti and Miguel A. L. Marques and Stefan Goedecker},
	title = {First-principles predicted low-energy structures of {NaSc}({BH}4)4},
	journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics}
}